Ann Culpin of Upton, Northamptonshire, wife of transported person.

Ann was born as Ann Whitehead, in the village of Maxey, about six miles to the north of Upton where she married and lived with John  Culpin.

After his transportantion to Tasmania in 1844 she continued to live with her five children on the Main Street at Upton, near Peterborough until the early 1870s but moved to Walkden, in Lancashire just before she died in 1873.

Spouses of transported people were allowed to remarry after a period of time and Ann did this in the summer of 1863 when she married a friend John Wright.

Her first husband, John, had petitioned the state governor of Tasmania for free passage for his wife Ann and his children but this never happened. Whether she declined any offer or not is not known but the numbers that were successful in joining their partners were low.

Ann’s new husband, John Wright had been a lodger with the family  for many years. As early as 1841 he was working nearby on the farm that John Culpin was later to steal from and was to lead to his conviction and transportation, but in the years from at least 1851 until their marriage in 1863, he was living with the Culpins as a lodger (in one census he was described an ‘inmate’).

After their marriage they lived a further eight years or so in Upton before relating to Walkden, near Salford in  Lancashire.

At least three of Ann’s children with John Culpin were to move to Walkden. Daniel had moved there by at least 1863 with his brother either going with him or shortly later. These two Culpins had families that remained in the area, near the town centre on Bolton Street for a number of generations.

Hannah was the third child to move to Walkden and appears to have first moved to Peterborough to stay with her sister and husband before moving with her mother and step father to Walkden in the early 1870s. She had an illegitimate child, Matilda Jane just before she left the Peterborough area, but then lived with them until Ann’s death in 1873.

Just under a year later she married her stepfather, John Wright. There is no indication that John was Matilda’s father, but Hannah and John were to have three children together.

Hannah was a self employed dressmaker and described in the 1901 census as being ‘paralysed from birth’. She died in 1901 surviving her real father by only twenty years, who had lived nearly half his life in the new country he was forced to adopt by transportation.

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